Cream of Corn (Maize) Benefits
Crunchy munchy Golden Corn occupies a predominant place in almost all spheres of life-right from morning breakfast consisting of cornflakes to nibbling at plump, rows of corn during a summer evening spent leisurely at the beach or devouring a pack of crispy popcorn while watching a movie. Thus from corn on the cob to corn flour, this amazing grain is put to use in several ways to dish out variety of delicious recipes and for other unusual purposes too.
Corn sheathed in a husk with tightly wrapped strings of kernels, are protected by corn silk, akin to fine silky threads. Growing in ears, the corn kernels are the fruit of Zea Mays, a plant belonging to the Poaceae family. Although the grain is known in many parts of the world as corn, it also assumes the name maize in many other regions.
There are many different kinds of corn available these days. However, the most popular among them are sweet, dent, flint and the regular popcorn.
Sweet corn, that derives its name owing to its higher sugar content, as compared to other kinds of corn, is frozen, canned or consumed while immature. However, they are hardly ever processed to flour or food.
Dent Corn or field corn as popularly known is yellow or white in colour. Often used as feed for livestock, this type is one of the main kinds used in the production of several food and industrial products.
Flint corn or the Indian corn with kernels, in an array of colours ranging from red to white, containing a rough exterior shell is for most part cultivated in south and Central America.
Corn Nutritional Information
|Vitamins||(Per 100 grams)|
|Vitamin A||310 IU|
|Vitamin B1 (thiamine)||0.254 mg|
|Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)||0.085 mg|
|Vitamin B6||0.071 mg|
|Vitamin C||7.3 mg|
|Vitamin E||0.11 mg|
|Vitamin K||0.5 mcg|
|Vitamin E||0.11 mg|
|Pantothenic Acid||1.036 mg|
Nutritional Benefits of Corn
The creamy buttery Golden hued corn stuffed with vitamins B9, B6, B5,B3,B2, B1 , K, E, C and A, offers numerous advantages for health. Abounding in plenty of B vitamin compounds, comprising mainly of Thiamine and Niacin, Corn offers 24% of RDA of vitamin B1 Thiamine, a crucial contributor towards production of energy also plays a significant role in the production of brain neurotransmitter known as acetylcholine that besides improving memory also aids efficient functioning of brain cells and cognitive development. A deficiency in the production of this neurotransmitter is believed to be one of the major causes for developing Alzheimer’s disease and associated cognitive impairment.
The outcome of a shortage of Niacin cause dermatitis, Diarrhoea and dementia, which are symptoms of a condition known as Pellagra often manifest in undernourished individuals.
Possessing fine sources of Vitamin B5 panthothenic acid, corn is crucial for the synthesis of fat, protein and carbohydrates, and facilitates effective function of the body organs. Besides, the pantothenic acid offers protection to the adrenal glands that prevent escalating nervous tension and anxiety.
An outstanding source of Beta-carotene, which produces Vitamin A, Corn, aids vision health and offers glowing skin benefits.
Corn Kernels aplenty in natural antioxidants Vitamin E combat the invasion of harmful disease-causing bacteria thus preventing risk of infections. Furthermore, Vitamin E boosts immune health, prevents the body from attack of free radicals, protecting cell destruction and risk of developing serious life-threatening diseases like cancer. Moreover, this accelerates healing of wounds, protects dental health and acts as an anti ageing agent retaining youthful looks.
Consisting of valuable amounts of Folate, vital during pregnancy, corn supports regeneration of cells protecting unborn babies from premature delivery, restraining biological neural tubular inadequacy. Folic Acid compounds in Corn protect from accumulation of homocysteine amino acids assisting in its break down. Elevated levels of this amino acid have been correlated with increased risk of cardiac ailments.
Deficiencies in vitamin B12 and folic acid result in anaemia. However, the valuable quantity of these substances found in corn alleviates anaemic symptoms and promote optimal health.
Corn has a wealthy load of minerals to its credit such as copper, manganese, iron, zinc, magnesium and phosphorous along with minimal quantities of selenium. These are vital for effective functioning of the body. For instance, magnesium is vital towards maintenance of healthy heart rate and strengthening the bones, while phosphorous is necessary for renal health and normal growth.
Corn, comprising of copious amounts of Fibre, provides a healthy ratio of soluble to insoluble fibre. It sustains the friendly bacteria in the lower digestive tract, boosts intestinal health thus protecting from colorectal cancer. Hence, Corns ability to enhance digestive health aids regular bowel movements prevents constipation and haemorrhoids. It also facilitates maintenance of healthy cholesterol levels.
Corn available in an array of colours in yellow, red, purple, blue and white, holds an impressive range of antioxidant properties in varied combinations. However, besides carotenoids, yellow corn consists of elevated concentrations of zeaxanthin and lutein. Blue corn contains unique anthocyanin antioxidants while purple corn has hydroxybenzoic protocatechuic acid. The wealthy antioxidant substances in corn scavenge and destroy the free radicals protecting the body from dreadful diseases. Corn with phenolic compounds like the ferulic acid along with Anthocyanins present in purple corn has anti carcinogen properties that help combat cancers of the colon, liver and breast. Since Corn contains phenolic phytochemicals that restrict the angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) they are beneficial for controlling blood pressure and for effective maintenance of blood sugar levels in non-insulin dependent diabetics. Furthermore, the process of cooking elevates the antioxidant constituents of corn making them a healthy alternative snack.
Rich Calories in Corn
Corn containing healthy components has the highest calorie count when compared to other grains providing per 100 grams about three hundred and forty two calories.
Other Benefits of Corn
According to various studies, a combination of corn and legumes has the ability to enrich and build-up nutrition making it complete. This is because they help better absorption of minerals calcium, zinc and iron, protein and energy
Another Research yet to be established is corn’s possibility of inhibiting HIV activity. Generally, special proteins known as lectins unite with the carbohydrate receptors in the cell membranes. However, when they conjoin sugar they inhibit the activity of certain microorganisms, which include HIV virus too. Hence, the GNA maize, a specific lectin present in corn have displayed tremendous potential to inhibit the HIV virus and their activities within the body.
Do you know…Corn is everywhere…?
- In a majority of soft drinks, corn is made use of as a sweetener
- Most Indians used leaves of sweet corn as chewing gum
- Cornflakes consists of only 8% corn
- Native Americans, considered corn, squash and bean as ‘the three sisters’, growing from Mother Earth.
- Indians grew corn and included fish and kernels in a dug hole for providing better nutrition and then closed the pit with sand
- Corn ear consists of 800 kernels arranged in 16 rows
- A pound of corn contains 1300 kernels
- The average size of corn ear has a length of 12 to 14 inches.
- Most liquid foods contain Cornstarch as a thickening agent
- In biodegradable plastic Cornstarch is one of the major ingredients
- Ethanol is distilled alcohol derived from corn
- The bio fuel known as ethanol fuel is a bio fuel made from corn distillation
- Regular fuel-powered cars can run blended with 10% ethanol
- Corn silk brewed tea contains diuretic properties making an excellent remedy for urinary tract infections
- According to advertisers, the tea helps everything from cancer to bedwetting.
- Ground Corncobs are used as livestock feed.
- Corncobs are used to manufacture modern industrial products
- The waste product received after pressing out oil from plant germ makes an excellent feed for livestock.
- Corn germ components makes stronger industrial glue, which helps, reduces the amount of resin required in the glue formula making it cost effective
- Corn- based biodegradable plastics use up 68% less fossil fuels in production
- Environmental friendly Corn-based plastics emit 55% less greenhouse gases.
- Certain batteries contain corn derivatives in the form of “bioelectricity.”
- Cornstarch is a common ingredient in many cosmetics and sanitation items
- Due to its absorbent nature, many natural deodorants and diapers include cornstarch as an ingredient.
- Cough drops contain corn syrup as one of the main ingredients
- Baby powder, contains cornstarch
- Cornstarch is a common ingredient used in the production of matchsticks.
- Many medications and vitamins contain cornstarch.
- Carpets and other textile products use corn for colourings and dyeing
- Colourful crayons include corn-based derivatives.
- Cornstarch produces the adhesive effect on envelopes which sticks while moist
- Toothpaste, dish detergent, paper, clothing dyes, explosives and soaps contain corn