What is Abstract in a Report?


Abstract is a brief summary that gives a clear insight of the topic that the document deals with. It depicts the significant points that are mandatory which act as a key factor in context. Generally most of the official documents hold an abstract in the beginning which allows readers to gain an idea about the topic to continue reading rest of the content.


Definition of Abstract:

An abstract is a precise context that introduces the topic being discussed in the paper before going to the actual content of document. It reveals the significant aspects of the theme that are covered in manuscript allowing reader to acquire basic knowledge on context going to be read. Abstracts are capable enough to cover entire discussion of issue in short word and suggests readers to decide for reading entire context.


Purpose of Abstracts:

The major purpose of abstracts is to help

  • Readers desire to read entire document
  • Researchers to memorize key findings of issue
  • Readers understand the topic
  • To quickly know covered aspects and cross-referencing

Readers will be helped by abstracts to proceed further in reading whole context. Basically, anyone who is need of information will go through different documents like articles, essays, magazines and books or any text. Looking at these abstracts the readers would decide if the information present in this document is the desired text for them. The topic is interrelated for the information they are in need will fix to read complete content. Reading abstracts will not waste time of readers to review whole document without any idea about topic.


Abstracts covering major aspects that are focused in entire script will visualize key findings of topic. This feature enables researchers as well as readers to notice key factors of issue playing a role in complete context. Even this purpose is served through abstracts specified at beginning of presentation. This will reduce the time in finding essential aspects considered in main document before reading entire document as it is outlined in abstract itself.


The other flexibility provided by abstracts is making readers better understand the issue focused in paper. As underlying aspects discussed in context is briefly outlined in abstracts, this gives a clear idea about topic and allow readers acquiring basic knowledge of total topic. Besides, it can visualize every concept related to issue giving readers a reference to topic that is below abstract. Abstracts will assist readers to know complete aspects covered in document easily and grab efficient points focused quickly.


Types of Abstracts:

There are two different types of abstracts that initiate the document representing an article, essay or any context. The following are types of abstracts:

  • Descriptive Abstract
  • Informative Abstract

Descriptive abstracts allow readers to decide reading complete text as it ultimately focus to outline every sub topic enclosed in document that is written. Such abstracts will not convey any matter of the aspect included in document. These abstracts represent information that enrolls contents fulfilling entire issue.


Informative abstract specifies details of aspects that are comprised in whole text. It promotes significant information about each part that took part in completion of document. The concise information is depicted in informative abstract promoting an overview for document.


Example of an Abstract

The example abstract is written on technology advancements in chemical industries to safeguard the health of employees working.


The current thesis is to explore new technological advancements in enhancing health and safety of employees in chemical industries. The chemical industries occupy good position to promote one of the percent of economy to India. These industries are evolved since ages to meet the global competitiveness across the world. Usually, there are many variations in production wise and exporting factors in chemical industries of India. The difficulties faced by employees working in chemical industries are analyzed. There are different health problems faced by them due to the chemicals reactions, substances, toxic content generated and flammable gases emitted. As a result of these hindrances, these industries led many improvements to overcome such issues. This led to a competition among chemical factories to employee high standard solutions that can limit the hazardous issues in factory. The problems like reactions damaging skin, causing respiratory problems, major problems causing death due to blasts of pressure vessels and fires, failure of machines, instruments and corrosion of chemicals leading serous unhealthy to employees. The government employed few restrictions on chemical industries to acquire safety and health dimensions. The chemical organization has to follow these government established regulation to protect and control hazards for employees due to chemicals. They are providing basic knowledge about chemicals to workforce, in and out ventilation, providing respiratory devices for every employee, frequently retest the instruments and equipments to avoid failures, assisting employees with technological equipments and making working time restricted. With all these measures ensured and put in practice effectively by chemical industries, they can progress to provide safety and healthy environment for their employees indeed succeeding in organizational performance.