How to Take Care of Your Eyes?

A beautiful eye makes silence eloquent, a kind eye makes contradiction an assent, an enraged eye makes beauty deformed.  This little member gives life to every other part about us; and I believe the story of Argus implies no more than that the eye is in every part; that is to say, every other part would be mutilated were not its force represented more by the eye than even by itself. – Joseph Addison



The most wonderful and intriguing feature of Gods supreme creation, eyes are the windows of our soul.  A powerful yet expressive tool, we view the world around us through those precious jeweled pair.  One of the most valuable of the five senses, it is very crucial that we give them the best possible care, without taking them for granted.  Nonetheless considering the modern life conditions, which adds a lot of strain on our eyes by way of VDU screens, polluted environment and the harsh chemicals used in household cleaning products and toiletries came cause damage to the most delicate structures of the eyes.  Therefore, it is best to ensure protection against whatever the modern world throws at us.  In this article, let us talk about a few healthy changes that we ought to make in order to take care of our most prized possession.  Nevertheless, before we go into the details we shall take a quick look at a few major eye problems afflicting people in the modern world.



Astigmatism is the optical term for more than one point of focus. This occurs when the surface of the crystalline lens or cornea is not spherical. Hence, light from an object instead of focusing on the retina does so at two separate points.  As a result, the eye is unable to focus a point or object into a sharp focused image on the retina.



Eyesight problems

Myopia is a term used to define shortsightedness. This happens when light from a distant object before it reaches the retina, forms an image because either the crystalline lens or cornea is too strong or the eye is too long.  A person with myopic vision can see objects close to them clearly and distinctively.  However, the distant objects appear blurred.



Hypermetropia is a term used to define long sightedness.  This occurs either when the image of a close object is formed behind the retina because the eye is too short, or the cornea or crystalline lens does not refract the light enough. A person with long sightedness may have blurred vision looking at objects that are close and clear vision at distant objects.



Presbyopia is a condition of the eye showing signs of a progressively diminished ability to focus on near objects.  A natural condition that eventually affects everyone, however as the condition progresses, it may be very difficult to read small print or books unless they are held at arm’s length.



A cataract is a clouding of the lens in your eye and can develop in one or both eyes causing a gradual worsening of sight.


Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy (damage to the retina) is a condition caused by complications of diabetes mellitus, which eventually lead to blindness.



The destruction of the nerve fibres running from the back of the eye to the brain is known as Glaucoma.  The risk of glaucoma increases with age and if left untreated it can cause blindness.


Macular Degeneration

The macula is a small area in the middle of the retina with the greatest amount of light sensitive cells and is used for fine-detailed central vision. Macular degeneration is a painless disorder that can affect either eye, causing progressive loss of central and detailed vision.


Dry Eye

Dry eye is a common medical condition caused by a problem with the drainage, evaporation or production of tears with symptoms such as irritation, burning and itching.


Flashes and Floaters

Small spots moving in the field of vision are called floaters.  They will appear to move as you move your eyes.  When floaters first appear, they may be accompanied by what appears to be flashes of light.  The technical name for these flashing lights is ‘photopsia.



Blepharitis is an inflammation affecting both eyelids, which becomes red and inflamed causing dryness, irritation, itching and soreness.  At times, this condition becomes chronic without exhibiting any kind of symptom.  Blepharitis can also cause problems with the consistency of the tears, which may lead to dry eye symptoms.


Blepharitis (Image source: Wikipedia)



Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the thin layer that covers the white of the eye and the inside of the eyelids known as conjunctiva caused by allergy, bacteria or virus.


Tips To Take Care of Your Eyes
Regular Eye Checks
Eye check

Image credit: Rakesh Ahuja, MD / Wikimedia Commons

To maintain healthy vision, it is essential to go for regular eye checks once in every year or two years.  It is recommended that you go for a check despite having a perfect vision, for an eye examination does not just reveal the state of health of your eyes but also of any underlying medical conditions such as high blood pressure diabetes cataracts, glaucoma, Age-Related Macular Degeneration diabetic eye disease and myopic degeneration that may require attention.  Children too need to get their eyes tested at the age of three or four before joining preschool, especially so if other members of the family wear glasses or have eye problems.  Some common childhood eye problems, such as amblyopia (lazy eye) and strabismus (squint) are treatable if discovered at an early age


Protect Your Eyes from the Sun

Sunglasses (Image:

Although sunshine packed with Vitamin D (Read more about the health benefits of sunlight) is good for the skin, overexposure to the harsh ultraviolet rays can damage your eyesight.  Not only do about 10 percent of skin cancers develop on the eyelid, Constant exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet light can raise the risk of developing many serious eye conditions, such as increased pigmentation in the eye, causing a discolouration known as “brown” or “sunshine” cataracts and macular degeneration, both of which can lead to permanent vision loss.  Therefore, good pair of sunglasses is not just fashion accessory, but also an important tool for protecting your eyes against harmful UV rays.


Remove Eye Makeup and Use Natural Products

Washing off eye makeup from your eyes every night is extremely important, which might otherwise lead to infections and vision problems in the long run. Natural removers containing gentle ingredients such as jojoba oil, olive oil or coconut oil and using mascaras eye shadows and eyeliners made from natural ingredients free of synthetic preservatives and other substances may help protect the eyes and prevent problems.


Protective Eyewear for Work and Sport

Our modern world is filled with chemicals, many of which can damage the delicate tissue of the eye. Common household cleaners containing bleach or harsh abrasives may cause major tissue trauma if they get into the eye.  If you’re a person who spends a lot of time at the workshop, eye protection is an important safety consideration. Any foreign body getting into the eye can cause damage very easily to the soft tissue of the eye and can lead to permanent vision problems.  Hence, wearing safety glasses and protective goggles while playing sport or working with dangerous and airborne materials reduces the risk of eye injury, impaired vision and permanent vision loss.


Proper Lighting
Proper Lighting

(Image source:

Using proper lighting to avoid eyestrain is imperative for vision health.  A softly lit room to reduce contrast while watching television at night may help.  Performing tasks with a light source behind you is most favourable.  However, while sitting at a desk, having the light source in front of you with a covering to prevent the light from shining in your eyes is highly beneficial. Reduce glare on computer screens by getting an anti-glare screen.  Natural and incandescent lighting is better than fluorescent.


VDU Screen Protection

Research indicates that prolonged use of computer monitors can lead to eyestrain.  Nowadays, we spend a lot of time on computers for work and leisure.  Therefore, it is important to take regular breaks, once every hour for five minutes for relaxation of the eyes.  Regular blinking helps reduce evaporation of the tear film that protects the cornea.  Forceful blinking also relieves the strain of the continuous focus when you have been reading or looking at a computer screen, increasing the amount of concentrated activity you can perform.  Also, ensure that your lighting is sufficient for fluorescent lights tend to ‘flicker’ at a very high resonance, which can cause eyestrain without the sufferer even realizing the cause of the problem.  It is advised not to sit with a window directly in front or behind you to avoid glare and eyestrain.


Eye-Healthy Diet
Fruits and Vegetables

Healthy Diet (Image:

When it comes to eye health the major players, appear to be zinc, vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene , omega-3 fatty acids, lutein and zeaxanthin. These nutrients play a key role in maintaining healthy cells and tissues in the eye protecting them from infection and age-related problems. Vitamins A, C, and E are indispensable for good eyesight. Antioxidants protect the retina from damage caused by smoking, alcohol or UV rays.  The best bet for getting all of them in the proper amounts is by way of consuming a wide range of fruits, vegetables and other whole foods in a variety of colors. Carrots rich in beta-carotene, helps to protect against night blindness and cataracts. They also contain lutein, a yellow plant pigment that lowers the risk of cataracts and protects the eyes against damage from aging. Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-3 rich fish could significantly reduce the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration and ‘dry eye’ syndrome.


Thus by following these few simple tips, you can protect your most precious asset, your sight.