10 Tips About Blackheads Removal
Blackheads are one of the worst enemies for the skin. In women especially, these start erupting from the time of puberty. Since then, these bumps exhibit initial signs of excessive sebum secretion often extending to reproductive years and during menopause. Despite several attempts at blackhead removal, these tend to show up repeatedly, leaving small ugly pits on the face.
What Are Blackheads?
Blackheads are clogged hair follicles or open pores, that appear owing to overactive sebaceous glands. These produce excessive oil known as sebum that settles within the hair follicles more commonly on the nose, face, neck and back. These clog the open pores making them susceptible to bacterial invasion on the skin’s layers subsequently leading to small bumps eruptions and breakout that often stay adamant refusing to go away.
What Are The Causes Of Blackheads?
There are several contributing factors for blackheads, the major factors being…
- Hormonal imbalance that occur during teens, reproductive and menopausal ageing women
- An imbalance in androgen male hormones, Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which controls the production of sebaceous glands thus playing a significant role in occurrences and recurrences of blackheads
- Genetic disposition with a family history
- Particular skin types like the combination or oily skin are prone to blackheads especially in the T-zone of the face
- Excessive use of cosmetics and makeup that tend to clog the pores leading to unsightly breakouts
What Are The Reasons For Blackheads Turning Dark?
An overactive sebaceous gland produces excessive sebum that consists of melanin. Melanin in the skin is a pigment that determines the skin tone. However, with exposure to oxygen in the atmospheric air, the pigment undergoes a dramatic change and turns black.
How Do Blackheads Differ From Whiteheads And Pimples?
Blackheads and whiteheads are particular types of acne known as comedones. Both are almost similar in nature but for a few dissimilarities. With formation of the whiteheads, the pores become completely blocked, unexposed to the environment. However, the same is not the case with blackheads. On the other hand, they are exposed to air due to a small opening in the pore.
What Are the Different options for Blackhead Removal?
Blackheads are for most part recurrent and it becomes a daunting task to get rid of them. Besides the natural remedies for blackheads removal, there are other ways to make these annoying scars disappear. Here is a quick look at the different options available for getting rid of them.
1) Benzyl Peroxide
Most of the commercially available creams for blackhead removal contain chemical irritants such as alcohol, eucalyptus and menthol. These stimulate the nerve ends leaving behind a trail of chemical reactions resulting in boosting hormone production, which include the Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) hormones. These boost sebum production leading to blackheads. Hence, it is imperative to choose over the counter creams, containing Benzyl peroxide offering antiseptic properties that has a peeling effect on the skin. In addition to combating excessive oiliness, this compound plays an important role in increased cell turnover that restores skin to its former glory.
2) Salicylic Acid
The salicylic acid too, proves as effective as benzyl peroxide for blackhead removal. With an innate affinity to oil, this converges on the pores, only to unplug them from the skin’s surface. Hence, creams and lotions containing salicylic acid helps alleviate the problem. Since salicylic acid is not as concentrated as benzyl peroxide, in most cases, the dermatologist may prescribe a cream or lotion with greater effectualness.
3) Glycolic Acid
Glycolic acid, a fruit acid obtained from sugarcane is a part of the alpha-hydroxy acid group of natural substances. Using this substance in concentrations as low as 3% on the face helps assuage acne related problems by regenerating skin. Being a natural substance, this highly acidic yet highly soluble ingredient makes an effective exfoliant by burning blackheads and removing the dead skin cells from the skin’s surface thus exposing a fresh younger looking radiant skin underneath. Further, it helps regenerate skin by restoring new healthy skin cells that normally slow down with ageing. Hence while choosing lotions and creams for blackhead removal just look out for this component in the labels. In combination with sycolic acid, this provides enhanced relief for blackheads.
4) Retinoid Creams
One of the best remedies for treating stubborn blackheads is using Retinoid creams obtained from vitamin A. These help restore new skin cells offering complete protection from blocked pores. Besides this, they regularly remove the dead skin cells from the topmost layer of the skin keeping it smooth, soft and radiant. This happens with obvious peeling of skin but with regular application, the results prove dramatic.
5) Pore Strips
Pore strips are short fabric strips with an inner lining consisting of several substances that include glycerine and silica. Although these work effectively well on certain types of pores, there are some possibilities of blackheads showing up again with improper skin care regime.
6) Clay Masks
Facial masks like Clay masks help relieve blackheads as they provide the deep cleansing effect. The coarse powders and pastes consisting of kaolin exfoliate skin and when done on a regular basis combats excessive oiliness on the face, removes blackheads leaving behind a silky smooth skin.
7) Chemical Peels
Chemical peels, normally done by a professional at a reputed spa/salon or at the dermatologist’s place, works well to blackhead removal and skin rejuvenation. During this procedure, a chemical peel applied on the skin helps peel out the outer layer of the skin exposing a fresh younger looking skin.
This technique requires the expertise of a professional. This procedure removes the dead skin cells from the skins surface through microcrystal that helps skin regeneration.
9) Laser Therapy
This method uses laser to get rid of dead skin cells by eliminating skin oiliness and destroying the bacteria present on the skin. These go beneath the skin layers and eliminate blackheads.
10) Blackhead Extractors
Comedones extractors used by professionals to tackle the unsightly blackheads are specifically designed to remove debris of dead skin cells that accumulate beneath the skin surface.
Helpful hints to prevent blackheads
- Avoid frequent washing of skin on the affected areas. Wash them twice daily
- Wash the areas with tepid water using a mild cleanser/soap
- Refrain from pinching /squeezing the spots
- Use minimal cosmetics or makeup and choose water-soluble non-comedogenic products that prevent plugging of pores
- Remember to remove makeup before bedtime.
- Wash hair regularly to keep it clean. Keep, the hair strands away from direct contact with the face.
- A fresh shower post exercise prevents the sweat from aggravating the condition